Baghdad, Iraq CNN US President Donald Trump has said that he ordered a precision strike to "terminate" a top Iranian commander who was plotting "imminent and sinister attacks" on Americans, adding that the decision was one of deterrence rather than aggression. Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds.
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US drone strike ordered by Trump kills top Iranian commander in Baghdad
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Baghdad, Iraq — Sunrise, Sunset, and Moon Times for Today
Has Covid been in humans for years? We did not take action to start a war," Trump said in a statement from his Mar-a-Lago resort on Friday, a day after a US drone strike on a Baghdad airport killed Qasem Soleimani. Later, while at a Miami church for an Evangelicals for Trump event, the President said: "He was planning a very major attack and we got him.
Iran, in a letter to the United Nations, called the attack state terrorism and an unlawful criminal act. By whom? That is for the future to witness," he said. He said Washington has escalated a war it began when it pulled out of a nuclear deal with Tehran.
Last night, they started a military war. By assassinating, by an act of terror, against one of our top generals," he told CNN.
The move marks a major escalation in regional tensions that have pitted Tehran against Washington and its allies in the Middle East, raising the specter of further regional destabilization. The strike, condemned by Iran and its allies as an "assassination," has been met with concern by European officials and the United Nations, who have called for de-escalation.
Early Saturday, the group said another airstrike that targeted a convoy in the Taji area north of Baghdad killed and wounded a number of PMF members. No one has claimed responsibility for the attack. The Trump administration viewed Soleimani as a ruthless killer, and the President told reporters Friday that the general should have been taken out by previous presidents. The Pentagon blamed Soleimani for hundreds of deaths of Americans and their allies in several attacks in recent months.
The Pentagon blamed Soleimani and his Quds Force for attacks on coalition bases in Iraq in recent months, including the December 27 strike that culminated in the deaths of an American contractor and Iraqi personnel.The Sun's current position over the Earth Day length today: 12h 53m 16s 11 Apr The Sun's altitude in Baghdad today.
The horizontal line signifies the horizon, the vertical lines show the times of sunrise and sunset. Altitude and heading are displayed below the graph. The graph defaults to current time. Hover over it to select a different time. How to use this.
Day, night, and twilight times in Baghdad today. Black is nighttime, light blue is daytime. The darker blue shadings represent the twilight phases during dawn left and dusk right. Hover over the graph for more information. The Moon's path in Baghdad today. The horizontal line signifies the horizon, the vertical lines show times and headings of moonrise and moonset. More about the planets visible in the night sky in Baghdad.
Menu timeanddate. Tweet Follow. Facebook Twitter. Moon: Today's Sun Position in Baghdad. Time: Altitude: Day length today: 12h 53m 16s 11 Apr 1 minute, 59 seconds longer than yesterday 10 Apr 2 hours, 56 minutes longer than winter solstice 22 Dec 1 hour, 28 minutes shorter than summer solstice 21 Jun Night — Astro.
Twilight — Night — They take into account refraction. Dates are based on the Gregorian calendar. Today's Moon in Baghdad. Percent Illuminated: Illumination is calculated at lunar noon. Moon Articles What's a Blue Moon? What's a Super Full Moon?Distributing rations was more efficient in the capital area.
Second, chances for employment typically have been better in Baghdad than in other cities. This was true as early as the s, when migrants began to move to the city. These neighbourhoods became homogeneous as residents moved to safer areas amid the sectarian bloodshed that peaked about Baghdad, itself a city of legendis located at the heart of what has long been a rich agricultural region, and the modern city is the undisputed commercial, manufacturing, and service capital of Iraq.
The city was damaged during both the Persian Gulf War and the Iraq War and required major reconstruction of all parts of the infrastructure. Mosul is the centre for the upper Tigris basin, specializing in processing and marketing agricultural and animal products. It has grown rapidly, partly as a result of the influx of Kurdish refugees fleeing government repression in Iraqi Kurdistan. By the end of the s, Mosul too had suffered from government neglect, and, relative to Baghdad, its infrastructure and health care facilities were in poor condition.
The population of Iraq is young. About two-fifths of the population are under 15, while two-thirds are under Its birth rate is high, and it has a low death rate due to its much smaller elderly population; less than one-seventh of Iraqis are over the age of Yet demographic information since has been difficult to obtain and interpret, and outside observers often have been forced to use estimates.
UN studies indicate that general levels of health and nutrition declined markedly after the introduction of the embargo in and before Iraq accepted the provisions of a UN program in late that allowed Iraq to sell a set quantity of oil in order to purchase food, medicineand other human necessities.
This situation led to substantial declines in the rates of birth, natural increase, and fertility and a noticeable increase in the death rate.
Overall vital statistics in Iraq during the s, however, remained above world averages and by the 21st century had begun to return to their prewar levels. The total fertility rate had declined since its peak in the late s. This decline apparently resulted from the casualties of the two major wars—reaching possibly as many as a half million young and early-adult men—and subsequent difficulties related to the UN embargo, as well as an overall sense of insecurity among Iraqis.
For the same reasons, it is reckoned that the rate of natural increase, though still high by world standards, had dropped markedly by the mids before it likewise rebounded.
The associated hardships of the early to mids and the first decade of the 21st century persuaded a number of Iraqis—at least those who were wealthy enough—to either leave the country or seek haven in the northern Kurdish region, where, thanks to international aid and a freer market, living conditions improved noticeably during the s.
Moreover, an estimated one to two million Iraqis—many of them unregistered refugees—fled the country to various destinations including Iran, Syriaand Jordan out of direct fear of government reprisal. During the Iraq War, more than 1.
Beyond the out-migration of a significant number of Iraqis, the major demographic trends in the country since the s have been forced relocation—particularly of the Iranian population and, more recently, of the Kurds—forced ethnic homogenization, and urbanization.
Between andhowever, they—and many Arabs whom the regime defined as Persian—were deported to Iran. Kurds have traditionally populated the northeast, and Sunni Arabs have traditionally predominated in central Iraq.
Further, the regime systematically compelled large numbers of Kurds and members of smaller ethnic groups to change their ethnic identity, forcing them to declare themselves Arabs. Those not acquiescing to this pressure faced expulsion, physical abuse, and imprisonment. Iraqis have been slowly migrating to urban areas since the s. Population mobility and urban growth have, to some extent, created a religious and cultural mix in several large cities, particularly in Baghdad.Baghdad City Walk Traveling Iraq Middle East 2020
There has been little change in the overall ethnic patterns of the country, however, except through instances of forced migration. Many Kurds have moved either to larger towns in Kurdistan or to larger cities such as Mosul or Baghdad. Sunnis migrating from rural areas have moved mostly to areas of Baghdad with majorities of their ethnic and religious affinities.
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Could Abd al-Mahdi soon be replaced?Its location, on the Tigris River about miles km from the headwaters of the Persian Gulfis in the heart of ancient Mesopotamia. A provincial capital under the Ottoman EmpireBaghdad regained prominence only when it became the capital of Iraq in ; over the next half century, the city grew prodigiously and took on all the characteristics of a modern metropolis.
Baghdad was heavily damaged by aerial bombardment during the Persian Gulf War —91 and again by air and ground operations during the Iraq Warwhich began in Many Muslims revere it as the seat of the last legitimate caliphate and others as the cosmopolitan centre of the Arab and Islamic worlds when they were at the height of their grandeur. Still others—including many in the West—know it primarily through print and film as the scene of many tales of The Thousand and One Nights adventures and other accounts found in a rich tradition of Middle Eastern storytelling.
In more peaceful times, modern Baghdad has been a prosperous and sophisticated city whose rich cultural life can be measured by its many museums, universities, and institutes and by the myriad scholars and literati who traveled there and made it their home.
Baghdadis have an affinity for gardens and family recreation. Beginning in the early s, traditional patterns of recreation for city residents were disrupted by war and economic hardship. Although a prosperous class of government and party officials and wealthy merchants continued to frequent private clubs, most residents spent their free time either at home or visiting close friends or relatives.
Baghdad is situated on the Tigris River at its closest point to the Euphrates, 25 miles 40 km to the west. See Tigris-Euphrates river system. The terrain surrounding Baghdad is a flat alluvial plain feet 34 metres above sea level. The climate is hot and dry in summer, cool and damp in winter. Spring and fall are brief but pleasant. Between May and September the average daily maximum temperature reaches the low s F low 40s Cand the high may reach the low s F high 40s C at midday in July and August.
In winter the average daytime temperature is in the mids F low 10s Cand the temperature occasionally drops below freezing. Precipitation is sparse 6 inches [ mm] annually and occurs mainly between December and April. There is no precipitation in summer. The city extends along both banks of the Tigris. A series of bridges, including one railroad trestle, link the two banks. From a built-up area of about 4 square miles 10 square km at the beginning of the 20th century, Baghdad has expanded into a bustling metropolis with suburbs spreading north and south along the river and east and west onto the surrounding plains.Flights Vacation Rentals Restaurants Things to do.
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All Baghdad Hotels. Baghdad Hotel Deals. Last Minute Hotels in Baghdad. By Hotel Type. Baghdad Business Hotels. Baghdad Luxury Hotels. Baghdad Spa Resorts. Baghdad Family Hotels. Romantic Hotels in Baghdad.Located along the Tigris Riverthe city was founded in the 8th century and became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate. Within a short time of its inception, Baghdad evolved into a significant cultural, commercial, and intellectual center of the Muslim world.
This, in addition to housing several key academic institutions, including the House of Wisdomas well as hosting a multiethnic and multireligious environment, garnered the city a worldwide reputation as the "Centre of Learning". Baghdad was the largest city in the world for much of the Abbasid era during the Islamic Golden Agepeaking at a population of more than a million.
With the recognition of Iraq as an independent state formerly the British Mandate of Mesopotamia inBaghdad gradually regained some of its former prominence as a significant center of Arabic culturewith a population variously estimated at 6 or over 7 million.
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In contemporary times, the city has often faced severe infrastructural damage, most recently due to the United States -led invasion of Iraqand the subsequent Iraq War that lasted until December In recent years, the city has been frequently subjected to insurgency attacks.
The war had resulted in a substantial loss of cultural heritage and historical artifacts as well. As of [update]Baghdad was listed as one of the least hospitable places in the world to live, ranked by Mercer as the worst major city for quality of life in the world. The name Baghdad is pre-Islamic, and its origin is disputed. By the 8th century AD, several villages had developed there, including a Persian   hamlet called Baghdad, the name which would come to be used for the Abbasid metropolis.
Arab authors, realizing the pre-Islamic origins of Baghdad's name, generally looked for its roots in Persian. There are a number of other locations in the wider region whose names are compounds of the word baghincluding Baghlan and Bagram in Afghanistan, Baghshan in Iran,  and Baghdati in Georgiawhich likely share the same etymological origins.
A few authors have suggested older origins for the name, in particular the name Bagdadu or Hudadu that existed in Old Babylonian spelled with a sign that can represent both bag and huand the Babylonian Talmudic name of a place called "Baghdatha". When the Abbasid caliph, al-Mansurfounded a completely new city for his capital, he chose the name Madinat al-Salaam or City of Peace.
This was the official name on coins, weights, and other official usage, although the common people continued to use the old name. After the fall of the Umayyadsthe first Muslim dynasty, the victorious Abbasid rulers wanted their own capital from which they could rule. They chose a site north of the Sassanid capital of Ctesiphon and also just north of where ancient Babylon had once stoodand on 30 July  the caliph Al-Mansur commissioned the construction of the city.
It was built under the supervision of the Barmakids.
Mansur loved the site so much he is quoted saying: "This is indeed the city that I am to found, where I am to live, and where my descendants will reign afterward". The city's growth was helped by its excellent location, based on at least two factors: it had control over strategic and trading routes along the Tigrisand it had an abundance of water in a dry climate.